¿Cuándo usar infinitivo o gerundio en inglés?


Una de las partes gramaticales más complicadas de aprender en inglés es saber cuándo usar gerundio y cuando usar infinitivo. A continuación, vamos a explicar las nociones básicas:

Usamos GERUNDIO cuando:

  • Cuando el verbo es el sujeto de la oración.

Por ejemplo: “Running in the morning makes me feel less tired” (Correr por las mañanas hace que me sienta menos cansado)

  • Cuando el verbo se usa después de una preposición.

Por ejemplo: He kept on insisting (El siguió insistiendo)

  • Después de algunos verbos. Se muestran abajo algunos de los ejemplos:
Verbs Examples
admitHe admitted stealing the wallet.
adviseI wouldn’t advise buying a used car.
allowThey don’t allow smoking here. (Note that when an object is introduced an infinitive is used instead of a gerund: they allowed us to leave early.)
considerShe considered starting a new business.
finishShe finished writing the letter.
gogo swimming.
keepHe keeps complaining about his girlfriend.
mentionHe mentioned working in that company.
mindWould you mind helping me?
miss He misses talking to her.
permitThey don’t permit smoking here. (Note that, like allow, when an object is introduced an infinitive is used instead of a gerund: they permitted us to leave early.)
practiceShe practiced painting.
resistHe couldn’t resist eating the cake.
suggestI suggest leaving early.
likeI like watching TV.

Usamos INFINITIVO cuando:

  • Queremos expresar el próposito o razón por la que hacemos algo.

Por ejemplo: I went to France to see my sister.

  • Después de algunos adjetivos (be determined, be delighted, be disappointed, be happy…)
>  “Madre mía, voy a suspender”

Por ejemplo: She is determined to pass her exam.

  • Después de too y enough.

Por ejemplo: That book is too long to read it in 1 week.

  • Después de algunos verbos. Se muestran abajo algunos ejemplos:
Verbs Examples
affordWe can’t afford to buy a new car.
agreeShe agreed to help him.
chooseHe chose to stay at home.
decideThey decided to go to the movies.
expectThey expected to arrive early.
happenThey happened to be at the theatre when we met them.
learnHe learned to play the guitar when he was young.
needI need to find a job.
offerHe offers to help us.
planHe plans to follow a career as an engineer.
pretendThe child pretended to be asleep.
proceedHe proceeded to show us how to use the machine.
promiseShe promised to come on time.
seemHe seemed to be unhappy.
wantI want to finish my work early.
would hateHe would hate to lose.
would like He would like to drink a cup of tea.
would love I would love to meet you.